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Blog

Hip dysplasia: When is surgery required?
Source:
Mayo Clinic

Hip dysplasia is a condition in which the top portion of the thigh bone doesn't fit properly in the socket portion of the hip joint — either because it is out of place or it is not the correct shape. In many cases, this condition is present at birth. Some people may not be diagnosed during childhood, however, and only when symptoms appear later is the problem identified. Although some adults with hip dysplasia need surgery to correct the problem, total hip replacement isn’t always necessary.

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Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Avascular Necrosis After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Source:
Healio

The immunosuppressive regimens required for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation predispose recipients to complications, including avascular necrosis. Cancer-related comorbidities, immunosuppression, and poor bone quality theoretically increase the risk for perioperative medical complications, infection, and implant-related complications in total joint arthroplasty.

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Improvements in ACL surgery may help prevent knee osteoarthritis
Source:
Medical xpress

Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee frequently leads to early-onset osteoarthritis, a painful condition that can occur even if the patient has undergone ACL reconstruction to prevent its onset. A new review looks at the ability of two different reconstruction techniques to restore normal knee motion and potentially slow degenerative changes.

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Optimizing range of motion may prevent a stiff knee after TKA
Source:
Healio

Knee stiffness following total knee arthroplasty is a rare complication, which is multifactorial and can be prevented with techniques that help optimize knee range of motion, according to a presenter.

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Risk of surgical complications up for overlapping hip surgery
Source:
Medical Xpress

For patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture or total hip arthroplasty (THA), overlapping surgery is associated with increased risk of surgical complications, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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BLOG: Hardware complications in revision ACL reconstruction take careful consideration
Source:
Healio

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a commonly performed orthopedic procedure with more than 100,000 reconstructions performed annually in the United States. Despite improved surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction failure rates range from 5% to 25%.

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Take intraoperative steps to reduce joint infection risk
Source:
Healio

With an increasing number of total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty procedures being performed in the United States, the rate of failure has also increased. In its annual report, the American Joint Replacement Registry listed infection as a leading cause of TKA and THA revisions from 2012 to 2016.

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What is a hyperextended knee?
Source:
Medical News Today

Knee pain and injuries are widespread, particularly in very active people and athletes. A hyperextended knee is a type of injury to the knee caused by the knee bending too far backward. This painful injury is often easy for a doctor to spot and treat.

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Doctors use new procedure in patients with damaged hips to avoid replacement surgery
Source:
News-Medical.net

Researchers have more evidence that males and females are different, this time in the fluid that helps protect the cartilage in their knee joints.

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Fluid in the knee holds clues for why osteoarthritis is more common in females
Source:
Medical Xpress

Researchers have more evidence that males and females are different, this time in the fluid that helps protect the cartilage in their knee joints.

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Quadriceps exercise relieves pain in knee osteoarthritis
Source:
Medical Xpress

A quadriceps isometric contraction exercise method is effective for relieving pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published online May 25 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Childhood obesity a major link to hip diseases
Source:
Science Daily

A strong link between childhood obesity and hip diseases in childhood has been revealed by a new research study.

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Vitamin B6 linked to increased risk of hip fracture
Source:
Medical Xpress

Vitamin B6, but not vitamin B12, is associated with increased risk of hip fracture during extended follow-up, according to a study published online June 2 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Maria Garcia Lopez, M.D., from the University Hospital in Oslo, Norway, and colleagues conducted a secondary analysis of combined data from two large randomized controlled trials to examine the effect of an intervention with B-vitamins on the risk of hip fracture. The intervention consisted of a daily capsule of folic acid plus vitamin B12 and vitamin B6, folic acid plus vitamin B12, folic acid plus vitamin B6, or placebo.

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Understanding hip instability helps orthopedists perform revision THA
Source:
Healio

When it comes to recurrent dislocation of the hip after total hip arthroplasty, surgeons will find it helpful to identify the primary cause of the patient’s instability and correct the problem at the time of revision surgery.

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Total knee arthroplasty: analysis shows EXPAREL reduces length of hospital stay and improves discharge status compared to standard analgesic modality
Source:
Medical News Today

Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has announced results of new data showing that EXPAREL® (bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension) infiltration compared to a standard analgesic regimen in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) significantly decreased the length of hospital stay and increased the likelihood that a patient would be discharged to their home rather than a care facility when released from the hospital.

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Preventing long-term complications of an ACL tear
Source:
Medical Xpress

A torn ACL (also known as the anterior cruciate ligament) is one of the most common knee injuries, with as many as 200,000 cases per year in the U.S. Young people under the age of 20 are at particular risk, in part because of participation in sports.

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Yogurt consumption in older Irish adults linked with better bone health
Source:
Science Daily

The largest observational study to date of dairy intakes and bone and frailty measurements in older adults has found that increased yogurt consumption was associated with a higher hip bone density and a significantly reduced risk of osteoporosis in older women and men on the island of Ireland, after taking into account traditional risk factors.

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Levels of biomarkers after ACL surgery may signal severity of osteoarthritis later in life
Source:
Science Daily

A majority of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction patients develop a condition known as posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) within 15 years of surgery, which can be debilitating and limit activity. Researchers are now highlighting how a set of biomarkers on the day of surgery may explain why some individuals have worse PTOA than others after two years.

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Weight loss can slow down knee joint degeneration
Source:
Science Daily

Overweight and obese people who lost a substantial amount of weight over a 48-month period showed significantly lower degeneration of their knee cartilage, according to a new study.

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Even low level of physical activity may cut fracture risk
Source:
Physician's Weekly

Short daily bouts of walking/bicycling and a few weekly exercise sessions are both associated with a lower rate of hip fracture and any fracture, according to a study published online April 29 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Hip dysplasia: When is surgery required?
Source:
Medical Xpress

What causes hip dysplasia in adults, and can it be treated without a total hip replacement?

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Newer UKR prosthesis for patients with osteoarthritis achieved satisfactory results
Source:
Healio

Patients who received a newer prosthesis similar to the Miller-Galante knee design showed significantly better Knee Society function scores than patients who had a long-used prosthesis to which it was compared. However, the two implants performed about the same at short-term follow-up, according to a presenter.

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Undergoing hip replacement improves five-year quality of life
Source:
Science Daily

Patients undergoing total hip replacement experience meaningful and lasting improvements in quality of life (QOL) through at least five years after the procedure, reports a new study.

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Less than half of elderly hip fracture patients take vitamin D supplements
Source:
Medical Xpress

Despite national recommendations for daily vitamin D intake, a new study presented today at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) found that just 45.7 percent of patients reported consistently taking vitamin D supplements following a hip fracture, a known treatment and preventative strategy for osteoporosis.

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Study: Risk stratification protocol reduced rate of postoperative aggressive anticoagulation
Source:
Healio

Recently published results showed 70% of patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty avoided more aggressive anticoagulation after the use of a risk stratification protocol for venous thromboembolism.

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Early life intervention may prevent knee OA later in life
Source:
Healio

A recent narrative review of the association between childhood or early adulthood risk factors and the development of knee osteoarthritis showed osteoarthritis may be prevented later in life with early life intervention.

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